These are dolls depicting the emperor, empress, court attendants, musicians of the Heian court. They are fashioned with the traditional hairstyles and garments of that era. They are displayed on Girls Day , March third, which is also known as Dolls Day or Hina Matsuri. Usually a platform is used to display the dolls with the emperor and empress on the top tier of the platform, court ladies on the second tier, male musicians on the third tier, ministers on the fourth tier, three samurai on the fifth tier, items that would be used inside the palace are on the sixth tier, and items that are used outside or away from the palace are placed on the seventh tier.
Hina dolls on display in Little Tokyo, 2010.References:
Today, there are dozens of companies in Japan, Korea, China, and the United States that produce these dolls.